Next Phase of the NIH Preprint Pilot Launching Soon

Next Phase of the NIH Preprint Pilot Launching Soon

Phase 2 expands the scope of the preprints included in PubMed and PMC

Last month, the National Library of Medicine (NLM) announced plans to extend its NIH Preprint Pilot in PubMed Central (PMC) and PubMed beyond COVID-19 to encompass all preprints reporting on NIH-funded research. The second phase of the pilot, launching later this month, will include preprints supported by an NIH award, contract, or intramural program and posted to an eligible preprint server on or after January 1, 2023.  

Preprints are complete and public drafts of scientific articles that have not yet been peer reviewed. Scientists may post preprints to speed dissemination of their research, establish priority, or obtain feedback. (From statement on preprints from NIH Grants website.) 

Since June 2020, the NIH Preprint Pilot has been exploring new approaches to increase the discoverability of NIH-supported research results made available as preprints. The first phase focused on preprints reporting COVID-19 related research supported by NIH. (A full report on Phase 1 is available as a preprint.) In preparation for the launch of this second phase, we have updated PMC and PubMed site features to help users of these databases incorporate the increased volume of preprints into their discovery workflows.

Record Display Updates 

  • An informational banner on preprint records in both PubMed and PMC that more clearly highlights an article’s preprint status and provides additional context, i.e., that NLM only archives preprints reporting research directly supported by NIH (see the green box in the image below). 
  • On PMC, more prominent identification of linked journal articles on preprint records in PMC, when available (see the yellow box in the image below).

Search Updates

  • In PMC, search results now indicate when a linked journal article is available for a preprint record, following the bolded label “Published in” (see the red box in the image below).

  • In PubMed, in addition to the existing “Preprints” filter that allows you to limit search results to preprint records, a corresponding “Exclude preprints” search filter is now available under Additional filters: Other to exclude records with the publication type “Preprint” from search results (see orange boxes in image below). 

Documentation Updates 

  • NLM continues to update the NIH Preprint Pilot overview and FAQs in preparation for the launch of the second phase of the pilot. We encourage authors to review these pages for phase two launch updates, and how preprints are identified for inclusion in the pilot.
  • We also continue to update the NIH Preprint Pilot: A Librarian’s Toolkit with more general information on preprints and the NIH Preprint Pilot, including tutorials and videos. 

We’d love to hear from you! 

If you have questions or would like to provide feedback, please contact us

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