In the new version (2.7.1) of the BLAST+ executables, blastdbcmd can look up taxonomic names (e.g., scientific or common name) faster. We have also made some low-level improvement that allow BLAST to multithread more efficiently, especially when available memory is not sufficient for the database.
Note: Some LINUX and MacOSX users may find that they need to increase the number of open file descriptors allowed for a process. The number of allowed open file descriptors can be easily changed with “ulimit -n” (under bash). We suggest setting the limit to at least 1024.
See the BLAST+ release notes for more information.
On Wednesday, November 1, 2017, we will present a webinar on GDV, NCBI’s full-featured genome browser. In this webinar, you’ll learn how to explore and analyze sequences and annotations for eukaryotic RefSeq genome assemblies. We’ll show you how to:
- Search across the entire assembly for genes, products and other markers or jump to a specific position or range
- Display any of seven preselected track sets highlighting various aspects of the assembly or create and load your own custom track sets from your NCBI account.
- Load and display submitted alignment data from NCBI’s GEO or SRA.
- Upload your own annotation and variant data
- Display BLAST or Primer-BLAST results on the assembly in the browser.
Date and time: Wednesday, November 1, 2017 12:00-12:30PM EDT
After registering, you will receive a confirmation email with information about attending the webinar. After the live presentation, the webinar will be uploaded to the NCBI YouTube channel. You can learn about future webinars on the Webinars and Courses page.
The newest version of Magic-BLAST (v. 1.3.0) offers improved sensitivity and faster run-times as well as a number of other new features and improvements. These include the ability to set the alignment cut-off score as a function of read length, a maximum edit distance option and optional local cacheing for SRA files. For more information on these and other improvements, see the release notes. You can download the new executables from the NCBI FTP site.
Magic-BLAST is a tool for mapping large next-generation RNA or DNA sequencing runs against a whole genome or transcriptome. Read more here.
GenBank release 221.0 (8/13/2017) has 203,180,606 traditional records containing 240,343,378,258 base pairs of sequence data. In addition, there are 499,965,722 WGS records containing 2,242,294,609,510 base pairs of sequence data, 186,777,106 TSA records containing 167,045,663,417 base pairs of sequence data, and 1,628,475 TLS records containing 824,191,338 base pairs of sequence data.
NCBI will discontinue both the NCBI Genomes (chromosome) and the Human ALU repeat elements (alu_repeats) BLAST databases in October 2017.
Better alternatives to NCBI Genomes (chromosome)
The existing NCBI Genomes (chromosome) database does not offer complete and non-redundant coverage of genome data. The newly added NCBI RefSeq Genomes Database (refseq_genomes) and the RefSeq Representative Genomes Database (refseq_representative_genomes) are more useful alternatives to the chromosome database. You can select these databases from the database pull-down list on any general BLAST form that searches a nucleotide database (blastn, tblastn).
Figure 1. The nucleotide-nucleotide BLAST database menu with the recommended (RefSeq Genome and Representative genomes) and deprecated (NCBI genomes (chromosomes) and Human ALU repeats) databases highlighted.
In June, the NCBI Eukaryotic Genome Annotation Pipeline released new annotations in RefSeq for the following organisms, including Danio rerio (zebrafish):
NCBI is retiring the e-PCR tool effective immediately. The good news is that an existing tool, Primer-BLAST, fills in nicely for the functions of both Forward and Reverse e-PCR, and has the additional benefit of de novo primer design.
NCBI is pleased to announce the initial data release of RefSeq Functional Elements, a resource that provides RefSeq and Gene records for experimentally validated human and mouse non-genic functional elements. Data can be accessed via Gene, Nucleotide, BLAST, BioProject, Graphical Displays and FTP.
The new pig (Sus scrofa) genome annotation produced by the NCBI eukaryotic genome annotation pipeline is now available in RefSeq. This data is now available for download and can be explored in the Genome Data Viewer, with BLAST, and in the Gene database.
Annotation Release 101 for the bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) is out in RefSeq! This annotation was based on the NIST Tur_tru v1 assembly, which has a four-fold increase in contiguity from the assembly used in the previous annotation. Over four billion RNA-Seq reads from skin and blood tissue were used for gene prediction. As a result of these improvements, the percent of partially-represented protein-coding genes went down from 24% to 4%. Over 2500 genes that were fragmented in the previous assembly were merged into complete genes. A total of 24,026 genes were annotated, and 17,096 of them were protein-coding. A full report on the annotation can be found here.